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Why do we need a specialized doctor for treatment?

When most people think about Indian medical treatment, they’re skeptical. They assume that the quality must be poor, since India is such a developing country. But that’s not always the case! In fact, India has some of the best medical facilities in the world.

I was recently in India for medical treatment, and I was absolutely blown away by the quality of care I received. The doctors were highly skilled and experienced, and the facilities were top-notch. I would definitely recommend India as a top destination for medical tourism.


Types of doctors in India and what they do

It’s no secret that doctors come in all shapes and sizes. But did you know that they also specialize in different areas? There are primary care doctors and specialty care doctors – each with their own area of expertise.

    1. Primary care physicians are the general practitioners of the medical world. They can treat a wide variety of illnesses, answer health questions, and perform routine health tests. If you need a referral to a specialist, your primary care doctor will be able to provide one.

    2. Specialty care doctors are the experts in their field. They have undergone years of additional training and specialize in treating specific conditions or diseases. If you’re suffering from a complex illness or injury, then you’ll likely need to see a specialist doctor.

There are all sorts of different types of doctors out there, each with their own specific area of expertise. Here’s a quick rundown on some of the most common types of doctors you might see:


Pediatricians focus on the care of infants, children, and adolescents. They’re trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of childhood illnesses, from the common cold to more serious conditions like diabetes or cancer.

Geriatric medicine doctors

As the name suggests, these pain and palliative care doctors specialize in the care of older adults. They’re experts in the unique health needs of seniors, and can help with everything from managing chronic diseases to dealing with age-related cognitive decline.


Specialty doctors 

Specialty doctors are experts in a particular area of medicine, such as cardiology or dermatology.

Few to name them


Allergists focus on preventing and treating allergic diseases and conditions. These usually include various types of allergies and asthma.


Cardiologists focus on the heart and blood vessels. They diagnose and treat conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease, and arrhythmias.

Cosmetic Surgeons

Cosmetic surgeons specialize in aesthetic procedures like Botox injections, facelifts.

They treat many cardiovascular conditions, such as:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart attack and stroke
  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Congestive heart failure


The specialty of dermatology is the study, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions of the skin, hair, and nails. Diseases such as eczema, skin cancer, acne, and psoriasis are all treated. In-office procedures include mole or spot removal. Aesthetic treatments include chemical peels, Botox injections and dermal fillers.


Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in the treatment of eyes and vision. They evaluate and treat diseases and abnormalities of the eyes, as well as perform eye surgery. Ophthalmologists treat individuals with complicated eye problems and can also advise on eyeglasses and routine examination.



Obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) provide preventive care and disease management for female health concern


Endocrinologists are physicians who specialize in the endocrine system. The endocrine system is made up of several glands that release hormones in the body. Endocrinologists treat hormone-related conditions such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid conditions
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Infertility
  • Growth problems in children
  • Adrenal gland conditions



Gastroenterologists are physicians that specialize in the digestive system. The esophagus, pancreas, stomach, liver, small intestine, colon, and gallbladder are all included in this category. Endoscopy (endoscope), sigmoidoscopy (sigmoidotomy), and colonoscopy are examples of gastroenterology procedures. Internal medicine or pediatrics training is also required for gastroenterologists.


Nephrologists are doctors that specialize in the treatment of kidney disease and other kidney-related issues. They can treat problems including kidney disease, renal failure, diabetes, kidney stones, lupus, and hypertension. Nephrologists also have training in kidney transplants and dialysis. They must also complete a residency program in internal medicine or pediatrics.


Urologists are physicians that specialize in the treatment of issues with the urinary tract in both men and women. They also focus on male fertility problems. Some urologists specialize in a certain type of medicine, such as female urology or male infertility.


Pulmonologists specialize in the organs involved with breathing. The lungs and heart are among them. Pulmonologists may work in hospitals to provide ventilation or life support. They also see patients at their offices to cure respiratory issues, lung diseases, and allergies. Internal medicine or pediatrics training is required for pulmonologists as well.


Otolaryngologists are often referred to as “ear, nose, and throat” (ENT) doctors. Problems with the sinuses, throat, tonsils, ears, mouth, head, and neck can all be treated by an ENT doctor. Some ENT specialists go through more training to specialize in a certain area such as pediatrics or rhinology.


A neurologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment of nerve, spine, and brain problems. Epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, neuropathy, stroke, and migraines are all examples of diseases for which a neurologist might be consulted.


A psychiatrist is a doctor that specializes in the treatment of mental health issues. They may employ counseling, medication, or confinement as part of their therapy. Some psychiatrists specialize in a certain area, such as adolescent mental health or drug addiction treatment.


Oncologists are physicians that specialize in the treatment of cancer and its symptoms. A person may have several types of medical specialist on their care team during cancer therapy. According to the American Cancer SocietyTrusted Source, some cancer treatment professionals received specialized training in:


A radiologist is a physician who specializes in the use of medical imaging to diagnose and treat illnesses. They may study and interpret X-rays, MRIs, mammograms, ultrasound images, and CT scans.

They may be one of three types:

  • Diagnostic radiologists: These physicians employ imaging techniques to look for medical issues. They can interpret tests results and provide information to a patient’s doctor about them.
  • Interventional radiologists: Radiation oncologists treat cancer with radiation therapy.



A rheumatologist is a doctor that specializes in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. These are autoimmune disorders affecting the bones, joints, and muscles. nSome common rheumatic illnesses include:nRheumatologists must also complete training in internal medicine or pediatrics.

General surgeons

General surgeons operate on a wide range of organs and bodily systems. They might have expertise in diseases such as the:

Orthopedic surgeons

An orthopedic surgeon is a doctor who specializes in bone, muscular, ligament, tendon, and joint ailments. They may help with: arthritis sports injuries bone tumors back pain fractured bones osteoporosis repetitive strain injuries like as carpal tunnel syndrome or tennis elbow

Cardiac surgeons

Cardiac surgeons operate on the heart, and they may work with a cardiologist to identify what is required. Stents are inserted into the heart by cardiac surgeons.


Anesthesiologists specialize in the well-being of patients before, during, and after surgery. This might include giving pain medication or relaxation medication or putting a person to sleep with medicine. Anesthesiologists keep track of people during surgery to guarantee that their vital signs remain constant. They may also collaborate with the patient following surgery to make sure that their discomfort is manageable.


Each sort of doctor goes through its own set of training and education to be able to diagnose and treat certain diseases and illnesses. Because there are so many different kinds of doctors, the most usual approach for most people is to first see a primary care physician for basic health issues. When the person needs help, this clinician may either refer or suggest that they consult with a specialist.